The notion that humankind was created by some type of extraterrestrial genetic manipulation, according to some researchers, is the actual basis of the creation stories found in the ancient Sumerian records and the later Hebrew scriptures. This idea is set out in detail in the work of Israeli scholar Zecharia Sitchin, who uses the Sumerian records to argue that modern homo sapiens were created by beings from outer space called "Nefilim". He believes that the Nefilim created humans by genetically modifying homo erectus, then mated with them and argued over what to do with them.
In 1989 Zecharia Sitchin's radical hypothesis was taken a major step further with the publication of the book The Gods of Eden, appropriately subtitled: The chilling truth about extraterrestrial infiltration - and the conspiracy to keep humankind in chains. The author, a Californian lawyer going by the nom de plume "William Bramley" brought together all the major themes found in earlier 'ancient astronaut' research and merged them with a unique 'conspiracy view of history.' Bramley's thesis, shocking and confronting to nearly all established popular beliefs, is:
Human beings appear to be a slave race breeding on an isolated planet in a small galaxy. As such, the human race was once a source of labor for an extraterrestrial civilization and still remains a possession today. To keep control over its possession and to maintain Earth as something of a prison, that other civilization has bred a never-ending conflict between human beings, has promoted spiritual decay, and has erected on Earth conditions of unremitting physical hardship. This situation has existed for thousands of years and it continues today. (The Gods of Eden)
The idea that human kind is the product of genetic engineering carried out by extraterrestrials from outside our tiny planet challenges both Darwinian evolution and creationism. Have the dogmas of science and religion blinded us to the truth of our origins?
The Christian church proclaims that a supposedly all-knowing, all-powerful 'God' created our first parents from 'mud', in much the same way as a potter moulds clay. Only when Adam and Eve broke their Creator's rules were they subject to pain, sickness and death. By disobeying this 'God', they also condemned their offspring - all humanity - to be 'sinners'. Christianity derives the unfortunate tale of Adam and Eve from Genesis, the first book of the Hebrew Bible, or Old Testament.
If we interpret the Bible literally, regarding it as an infallible historical document, we are introduced to a creator 'God' (Jehovah/Yahweh) who, by his own admission, is jealous, wrathful and full of vengeance. The fear of the "Lord" (Jehovah) is constantly stressed throughout the Old Testament. He is expected to reward those who worship him and are not delinquent in their observance of the ritual law, by gratifying their worldly desires for material gains and worldly power. One cannot help but note that this cruel, bloodthirsty, and selfish 'God' bears a striking resemblance to the capricious gods of Sumeria.
This all too human 'God', according to Genesis, took a walk in the "cool of the day," unaware that his prize humans had spoiled his creation by eating the 'forbidden fruit'. After this, having chased the first human couple out of Paradise, he threatens their descendants with his wrath until the day when he drowned the whole world in a flood.
This 'God' Jehovah, as the historian Gibbon observed in The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, is a "being liable to passion and error, capricious in his favour, implacable in his resentment, meanly jealous of his superstitious worship, and confining his partial providence to a single people and to this transitory life."
Research indicates that the Hebrew Bible, far from being an infallible historical text authored by the Supreme Being, is a heavily revised compilation of at least two entirely separate works. Fused together in the Book of Genesis are two separate works known to scholars as the northern "E" and southern "J" traditions, which are supplemented by additional revisions and inserts. In "E" (the Elohist passages) resides the pre-Judaean tradition of the northern peoples who exalted the Most High God El and the subordinate Elohim (Shining Ones). The "J" or "Jehovist" passages describe a totally alien entity, the evil and contending Jehovah (YHWH), the "Lord". According to Max J. Dimont in Jews, God and History: "In the 5th century B.C. Jewish priests combined portions of the 'J' and 'E' documents, adding a little handiwork of their own (known as the pious fraud), which are referred to as the 'JE' documents, since God in these passages is referred to as 'Jehovah Elohim' (translated as 'Lord God')."
This is why within the Bible we encounter contradictory and conflicting images of the Supreme God. We find Jehovah, a tribal god, masquerading as the Supreme Being. The first chapters of Genesis describe an awesome struggle between two rival powers. There is the Most High God and His Elohim who create through their own manifest spirit; and the malevolent Lord God, Jehovah, who created a synthetic being composed of dirt. Jehovah is actually Satanael, a Shining One who rose in revolt against the Supreme God. Though later called the One God, the early Hebrews knew Jehovah as only one of many Elohim. They quoted the Song of Moses to distinguish between the Most High and the usurper Jehovah:
When the Most High (El) gave the nations
When He divided mankind,
He fixed the territories of the peoples
According to the number of the sons of God;
But Jehovah's (YHWH) share was his people,
Jacob was his inherited possession. (Deuteronomy 32:8)
The Gnostic Christians of the early centuries AD, who preserved the original teachings of Jesus, distinguished between the Heavenly Father and the god of the Hebrew Bible. Jehovah (YHWH) was not the Father revealed by Jesus. While the Hebrew Bible revealed a tribal god, the God of Jesus was the universal Supreme Being of all humanity. The Hebrew god was a god of fear, Jesus' Heavenly Father was a God of love. In fact, Jesus never referred to the Heavenly Father as Jehovah. The Gnostic Gospel of Peter states that the Hebrews were under the delusion that they knew the Supreme Being, but they were ignorant of him, and knew only a false god, an impostor, whose true nature was unknown to them.
The Gnostics, based on their thorough study of the Book of Genesis, exposed Jehovah as Satanael the Demiurge, the creative power of this fallen material world, who is hostile to the Supreme Being. One Gnostic teacher told how the unknown Father made the angels, the archangels, powers and dominions. The world, however, and everything in it, was made by seven particular angels, and man too is a work of the angels. These angels he described as rebellious feeble artisans.
Saturninus (90-150), who established an important Gnostic community in Syria, taught that the One True God, the Heavenly Father revealed by Jesus, dwells in the highest Realm of Light. Between this transcendent Realm of Light and our finite world exist vast intermediate hierarchies of archangels, angels and spiritual powers; the builders of the universe and the fashioners of man. In foolishness and vanity Satanael rebelled against the Realm of Light, leading astray a company of angelic beings. Satanael and his minions contrived to trap spiritual beings in physical bodies. Saturninus told how Satanael's creator angels endeavoured to create physical human bodies in the image of spiritual beings. This way they planned to keep spiritual beings permanently attached to physical bodies.
In Saturninus' account of creation, Satanael's creator angels could only form a primitive android. It was necessary to animate it with a spirit being from the upper realms. Satanael therefore lured down into his soulless universe a light-spark from the heavenly realms and trapped it within the material body of Adam. According to Apelles, another early Gnostic teacher, spirit beings were enticed from their place in the heavenly realms by the opportunity of physical experience, through the machinations of Jehovah, after which he bound them in bodies of flesh. Generation succeeded generation, as the light-sparks took embodiment in human forms. Soon these spiritual beings became so engrossed in the material world that they lost all awareness of their origin in the Realm of Light. They found themselves captured in the world of the Demiurge Satanael. Indeed, they became slaves to the malevolent creator angels and the things of their world.
The Catholic Church, by accepting the Hebrew Bible in its literal interpretation, mistook the tribal god Jehovah for the Supreme Being. In imitation of old Israel, the Church set about establishing a political and religious empire. Only the Gnostic Christians stood in their way. The Gnostics quickly found themselves viciously denounced as heretics, their sacred books banned and burnt. Thanks to the miraculous discovery of several Gnostic scriptures at Nag Hammadi in Egypt, just fifty years ago, we can gain a better insight into the Gnostic Christian communities of the early centuries AD.
A Gnostic work uncovered at Nag Hammadi called The Apocalypse of Adam, is an enlightening account of the creation of Adam and Eve. This book, dating from the first century, may be an attempt to reconstruct the original Genesis. Adam is said to declare:
When god had created me out of the earth along with Eve your mother, I went about with her in a glory which she had seen in the aeon from which we had come forth [Realm of Light]. She taught me a word of knowledge of the eternal God. And we resembled the great eternal angels, for we were higher than the god who had created us and the powers with him, whom we did not know.
Then god [the Demiurge/Satanael], the ruler of the aeons and the powers, divided us in wrath. Then we became two aeons. And the glory in our heart(s) left us.After those days the eternal knowledge of the God of Truth [Heavenly Father] withdrew from me and your mother Eve. Since this time we learned about dead things, like men. Then we recognised the god [Demiurge] who had created us. For we were not strangers to his powers. And we served him in fear and slavery.
The Gnostics understood that there are many different orders of beings. Their writings refer to numerous hierarchies of spiritual entities, both of the Light and of the Darkness. These beings not only move in the subtle frequencies, but can also take form in the physical dimension. Like the Essenes and Jesus, the Gnostics recognised the ability of "angels" to embody themselves in the flesh. The fallen angels were most often termed rulers or Archons, and the chief Archon known by various names such as Satanael, Jehovah, Ildabaoth, Sacklas, Satan, Sammael, etc. They possessed the power to create bodies and believed themselves to be 'gods'. As a consequence of their degraded state, they are hostile to humanity and attempt to prevent mankind from attaining to spiritual liberation.
John A. Keel, author of Disneyland of the Gods, and Our Haunted Planet, argues that the late 20th century interest in extraterrestrials, aliens and UFOs is just a modern day attempt to come to terms with the same forces other peoples and cultures once identified as "demons" or "fallen angels":
The flying saucers are merely another frame of reference to provide us with acceptable explanations for some of these grotesque events. An invisible phenomenon is always stalking us and manipulating our beliefs. We see only what it chooses to let us see, and we usually react.
The notion that the human body is the work of malevolent creator angels remarkably parallels the idea that extraterrestrials engaged in genetic engineering to 'create' homo sapiens. Are we dealing with exactly the same phenomenon? Did the Gnostics know the truth about Man's real origin and the unseen powers that seek to keep human beings in bondage? Are the malevolent creator angels who, say the Gnostics, stole spiritual beings and trapped them in physical bodies, the same as the extraterrestrial creator gods of Sumeria? Consider the following observation of a modern Gnostic scholar, Dr. Stephen Hoeller:
The star-angels and other ruling spirits appear as tyrannical, limiting agencies in this Gnostic view. They are usurpers who lord it over humanity and creation in order to enhance their own self-importance and glory. It is incumbent upon the knower to realize this and to extricate himself from the grasp of these powers whenever possible. The existential predicament of human life lies in the uncomfortable dominance to which these lesser godlings subject the spirits of human beings, and from which only the experiential realization of Gnosis can extricate them. (Jung and the Lost Gospels)
The creator angels or Archons are also characterised as terrible powers or forces of negativity and illusion. They are cosmic Prison Warders seeking to keep their human charges bound to the Earth. Caught up in the illusions of material existence, Man believes he is just a body and he cannot grasp the truth of his origin. This condition perpetuates spiritual blindness, leaving human kind in captivity to the Prison Warders.
However, the Gnostics never ceased from proclaiming that Man's True Being is not his body, and the material world is definitely not his true home. Man is a spiritual being and his purpose is to realise his higher Self, that light-spark exiled in the physical body. His destiny is to return to the Realm of Light, his true home beyond the stars.
We must be reawakened to our origin, where we came from, how we became trapped on this planet, and how we can achieve liberation. The Gnostics urge us to escape from the trap of the world and open our eyes to our true origin.