In ESOTERIC ASTROLOGY and other books by Alice Bailey a unique formulation of astrology is presented .
It views man as a synthesis of seven basic energies. These are named:
1. Will or Power
3. Abstract Mind
4. Harmony through Conflict
5. Concrete Mind
6. Devotion and Idealism
7. Order and Ceremony
These seven principles are referred to as "Rays." In human psychology, these rays are described in terms of particular personality traits. Seven personality patterns are enumerated by Bailey and these seven types are linked to the zodiac in the following way:
NUMBERS, NAMES AND PROPERTIES OF THE SEVEN RAYS
• RAY I. WILL OR POWER--ARIES, Leo, Capricorn
dynamic influence, initiative, action, purpose, dominance, masterfulness, governing power, authority, detachment, commanding, leadership, ambition, domineering, fierce, destruction of limitations (or unwise destruction), obstinacy.
• RAY 2. LOVE-WISDOM--Gemini, VIRGO, Pisces
love of truth, magnetism, humanitarian spirit, inclusive love, unity, understanding, calmness, diplomacy, building, absorbing, intuitive foresight, fear, suspicion, over-inclusiveness, unwise unification.
• RAY 4. HARMONY THROUGH CONFLICT--Taurus, SCORPIO, Sagittarius
fighting spirit, challenge and triumph, humor, sense of color and beauty, intuition, generous, crisis, strife, war, pain, worry, pessimistic, exaggeration, procrastination, combative.
• RAY 5. CONCRETE MIND OR SCIENCE--LEO, Sagittarius, Aquarius
factual and detailed knowledge, research, accuracy, common sense, practical ideas, inquisitive, technical, discrimination, long-winded, criticism, narrowness, intellectual pride, mental prejudice.
• RAY 6. DEVOTION AND IDEALISM--Virgo, SAGITTARIUS, Pisces
loyalty, faith, trust, reverence, aspiration, sacrifice, personal feeling, hero worship, emotionalism, jealousy, narrow love, fanaticism, emotional prejudice.
• RAY 7. ORDER AND CEREMONIAL--Aries, CANCER, Capricorn
systematic, organized, courtesy, dignity, ceremoniousness, following of rules, polished style, attention to precedent, formalism, superficiality, superstition, emphasis upon external form and structure, practical manifestation.
Note that each ray is related to three signs of the zodiac. Each of these groupings of three signs is called a "ray triangle." There are, therefore, seven ray triangles as shown in Table I, and each triangle is linked to a personality type.
Also note that some rays are related to more than one zodiacal sign. In addition, in each group of three signs, one sign is dominant (the dominant signs are capitalized in the table). The seven dominant signs are said to manifest with greater energy or with greater intensity. This means that the character patterns as given should be most readily observable in the seven dominant signs: Aries, Virgo, Cancer, Scorpio, Leo, Sagittarius, and Capricorn.
Bailey depicts the seven rays as the causative energies that define the nature of the twelve signs of the zodiac. They are, therefore, seen as the master key to the comprehension of astrological energy. In summary we may say that, according to the book ESOTERIC ASTROLOGY:
1. A ray is a name for a type of energy.
2. There are seven rays.
3. There are seven character types and also combinations or blends of these types.
4. Each ray manifests itself through a group of three zodiacal signs, each such group of three is referred to as a "ray triangle."
5. In each group of three signs there is one dominant sign.
6. Some signs are related to one ray and some to two or three rays.
7. The basic keynote of each sign is determined by the nature of the ray or ray combination that is active through that sign.
1. The qualities and personality characteristics of individuals are, in some measurable degree, related to the ray or rays of the sign in which they are born, i. e. the sun sign of traditional astrology.
HOW TO RECOGNIZE THE SEVEN RAY TYPES
It is a common and widespread belief that it is possible to tell something about a person's character from the face. A great many people instinctively feel that the face, in both its constantly changing and static aspects, can convey definite indications about personality. If there is a relationship between the face and character, and if astrological energies are related to character, then there must also be a relationship between astrological energies and that which is expressed in the face.
In addition, if Bailey's concept of seven astrological energies and seven character types is correct, then it also follows that there must be seven types of character visible in the face. The authors, proceeding on the hypothesis that these proposed relationships exist, were rewarded with evidence strongly supporting both the existence of astrological energies and the concept of the seven ray triangles.
Using biographical reference works containing thousands of photographs, the authors began a search for distinct personality types that might correspond to the seven rays described by Bailey. The procedure was simply to hold in mind a character trait belonging to a particular ray, such as "strong willed" for Ray 1.
Groups of photographs were collected that, for subjective reasons, impressed us as corresponding to the ray types described in ESOTERIC ASTROLOGY. These groups of photographs were then analyzed in a more objective manner. It was evident that there was a pattern of mannerisms and facial characteristics that repeated itself in each group. Gradually, an image was built up of each of the seven types. A list of indicators of each ray type was thereby developed. The validity of each group of ray indicators was then tested.
Direct, intense gaze; penetrating stare. The chin is sometimes pulled down and back (this causes the whites in the lower part of the eye to be more visible, and also makes the eyebrows appear closer to the eyes). The eyebrows themselves may be lowered and drawn together. The upper eyelid tends to be hidden by the lowered brow, and the lower eyelid may be tensed. The eyebrows tend to either slant upward or else are straight across the brow . The eyebrows tend to have less curvature than the average and often form a relatively straight line. The appearance is masculine. This type is not usually smiling and tension of the lips gives a firm appearance to the mouth. The mouth itself may sometimes form an upside-sown "U" . (The downward turned or "U" shape of the mouth does not give this type the appearance of sadness, the impression is rather one of sternness).
The words to keep in mind for this type are: STRONG WILLED, DETERMINED, POWERFUL INDIVIDUAL, DOMINANT, DYNAMIC, COMMANDING, SOMETIMES STERN, FORBIDDING and FIERCE.
The eyebrows are inclined to curve downward and the upper eyelids may also have a distinctive downward curve . The ray 2 face appears relatively relaxed and a slight smile is characteristic. (The Ray 2 smile is distinctive in that one feels that it is a real, genuine or warm smile.)
This type tends to be perceived as understanding and friendly. The primary words expressive of it are: LOVING CALMNESS.
This type shows a distant gaze--a "far-look" in which the eyes seem to be focused on the far horizon. This may give the impression of looking inward at the world of one's own thought. The individual may appear dreamy-eyed or lost in thought. The face is relatively passive and the eyes are usually opened widely. The eyebrows may appear relatively high set. Opening the eye widely also tends to lift the eyebrow. The eyebrows tend to curve upward . The eyeball itself sometimes appears to be larger and more protruding than normal.
Key words to keep in mind are: FAR-LOOK, DISTANT GAZE, ABSTRACTED GAZE.
It may be valuable to mention here that there is a correspondence between the seven rays and the endocrine glands. From the standpoint of esoteric astrology, the endocrine system is conditioned by the seven "chakras" (the Eastern term for the seven major energy centers in man's etheric body) which are, in turn, conditioned by the seven rays. According to Bailey, the energies of the rays find their physical externalization through the seven chakras and their corresponding endocrine glands.
In ESOTERIC PSYCHOLOGY, Volume II, pages 521 and 536, the following relationship is indicated: RAY 3--throat center-thyroid gland. Bailey states that over activity of a center results in a corresponding over activity of its associated endocrine gland. It follows that people in whom the third ray is very active will have an active throat center and consequent stimulation of the thyroid gland. Under "thyroid gland" in VAN NOSTRAND'S SCIENTIFIC ENCYCLOPEDIA we find a reference to hyperthyroidism as follows, "One or both eyes may protrude from the sockets...in most patients, the eye symptoms are mild; they are characterized by a retraction of the lids, resulting in a stare or a wide-eyed look." Examination of thousands of photographs first revealed to us the open-eyed look of the Ray 3 type. We noticed the corroborative information about hyperthyroidism at a later date.
The person appears deeply sad or ready to cry and the face expresses suffering or pain. We should note in passing that the expression may represent pain for oneself or for others (compassion). The eyebrows tend to slant downward and this is accentuated by a lifting and slight drawing together of the inner part of the eyebrows. The downward slant of the eyebrows tends to be mirrored in a corresponding downward slant of the upper eyelids. (The muscular movement that lifts the inner part of the eyebrows also pulls upward on the inner corners of the eyelids, giving a triangular shape to the eyelids.) The sadness conveyed may be accentuated by a slight raising of the lower eyelid. Sometimes the gaze is downward ("downcast") rather than straight ahead. The corners of the mouth usually turn downward or the lips may have a trembling appearance. Occasionally one sees elements of the "crying face" mixed with a smile and elements of a happy expression. This gives the impression of "laughing on the outside but crying on the inside" or "smiling through one's tears." This is the ray of CONFLICT and expresses opposite extremes, hence intense sadness or a pronounced smile are probably characteristic.
Words to keep in mind are: CRYING, SADNESS, SUFFERING, PAIN.
Note that ray 4 is also the ray of HARMONY. But the pain dimension was focused on in this study because it is less abstract and probably easier to isolate for research purposes. The growth or evolution of this character type is said, by Bailey, to result in the resolution of conflict and suffering into harmony and joy. In theory, a variation of ray 4 would show a face of intense joy, but we have not tried to study this variation.
The eyes appear focused on the foreground and there is a tension of concentration that gives the impression of intellectual scrutiny. The eyebrows tend to slant upward and are probably less curved than average. There is less emotion expressed in the face or else one feels the emotional nature is dominated by the mental side.
Words to keep in mind are: MENTAL, ANALYTICAL, CRITICAL, QUESTIONING, FOCUSED or CONCENTRATED THOUGHT, may give the impression of SKEPTICISM or INTELLECTUAL NARROWNESS.
This type has a tendency to gaze upwards. Though not all literally look upwards, the facial expression conveys the sense of devotion. (Devotion has been defined as "love looking upward.") The eyebrows (and sometimes upper eyelids) have the same distinctive downward curve as described under ray 2. Unlike ray 2, however, ray 6 is not calm. There is emotional intensity and often a certain tension or yearning in the face.
Some words to keep in mind are: DEVOTIONAL LOVE, INTENSE FEELING, ASPIRATION, FAITH, WORSHIP, REVERENCE.
The eyebrows of this type tend to slant upward. As can easily be seen from the ray 7 photographs, this type holds its chin higher than normal, giving a "head held high" appearance. The upper eyelids may be partially closed--this characteristic depends on the direction of the gaze. The lifted chin gesture is sometimes accompanied by a lifting of the eyebrows. The ray 7 type gives the impression of stiffness or rigidity. Sometimes the feeling conveyed is "I am a British lord of high social position." There is a "looking down one's nose" type of ray 7 face, and also a subtler pose which perhaps simply communicates dignity or a sense of formality.
Words to keep in mind are: DIGNIFIED, NOBLE,--or the more common and easily identified type that expresses an "I am an important person" look--HAUGHTY, SUPERCILIOUS, POMPOUS.
There are, broadly speaking, two types of rays:
• The head, or mind types which are the odd numbered rays: 1,3,5, and 7.
• The heart or feeling types which are the even numbered rays: 2, 4, and 6.
It may be helpful to point out some contrasts among the types:
• Rays 1 and 7 are related. Both express strength. Ray 1 is analogous to a battering ram, ray 7 to a rock.
• Rays 2 and 6 are related. Both express love. Ray 2 is love looking outward toward others in an inclusive way, and it has blended with it a quality of intelligence or wisdom. Ray 6 love tends to focus its love or devotion more narrowly upon a person or personal God.
• Rays 3 and 5 are both mental but in contrasting ways. Ray 3 appears lost in thought; it is reflective and somewhat feminine or receptive in nature. Ray 5 is a sharp, cutting, probing intellect. Ray 5 is the "matter of fact," practical, common sense mind.
• Ray 1 is very intense and concentrated; it is power. Ray 5 is concentrated thought. Ray 1 is more dynamic than ray 5.
• Ray 6 sometimes expresses intensity of feeling or emotion. Ray 1 expresses intensity of will; it is a mental ray.
In learning to identify the ray types it may be helpful to practice before a mirror. Try assuming the various expressions and mannerisms of the seven types as an actor might in practicing for a role. If you can assume a strong, fierce appearance, or a loving calm expression at will, then it may be easier for you to identify with and recognize the ray types .
We recommend that you identify the ray types using both objective and subjective criteria. For instance, it is helpful to know that the ray 6 type tends to look upward, and it is also important to ask oneself, "Does this face as a whole convey a sense of devotion?" A sensitive observer with a good eye for faces (perhaps analogous to that developed by a portrait artist) can make good use of the technique of holding in mind terms such as "will," "devotion" and "love." More literal minded individuals may tend to rely upon the more objective indicators, and a degree of accuracy can be obtained in that way.
When we try to identify a person as a ray type we are really trying to determine which of the seven rays are most influential in a given personality. It may be helpful to note that, according to ray theory, there are no pure types. Rather, each individual is actually a blend of all seven rays. Ray 3 is included in the ray 3 group as an example of the abstracted gaze of the "far-look." Note, however, the slight lifting of the chin which suggests ray 7. This individual was born with the sun in Capricorn. The sign of Capricorn is a meeting place for both rays 3 and 7. Therefore, and one might correctly point to this photo as an example expressing a blending of rays.
Try this simple experiment. Show the seven groups of photographs to people at random. Ask the question: "What character qualities do you see in the seven groups?" The responses will be quite interesting. We have found that some people say they cannot see anything and refuse to comment. A few people can give complete verbal descriptions closely matching the Bailey key word list for the rays.