The brightest star in the sky, Sirius, has a white dwarf companion which is identified each of the following designations: Sirius B, Alpha Canis Majoris B, or e.g. HD 48915 B.
The starting point of creation is the star which revolves around Sirius and is actually named the “Digitaria star”; it is regarded by the Dogon as the smallest and heaviest of all the stars; it contains the germs of all things. Its movement on its own axis and around Sirius upholds all creation in space.
MORE INFORMATION ON DIGITARIA
Sirius appears red to the eye, Digitaria white, the latter lying at the origin of all things. It is the "Egg of the World", aduno tal, the infinitely tiny, as it developed, it gave birth to everything that exists, both visible and invisible. To start with, it was just a seed of Digitaria Exilis = Po(Grain) Tolo(Star) - consisting of a central nucleus which ejected ever larger seeds of shoots in a conical spiral motion.
Sirius and Sirius "B" were once where our sun is now is. Sirius A being 10,000 times brighter then Sirius "B" (Digitaria). The Dogon consider Sirius "B" as the most important star in the sky although it is invisible. In 1862 the American Alvan Clark looked through the largest telescope then existing and saw a faint point of light where Sirius B should be, thus confirming its existence. In 1915 Dr. W. S. Adams of Mt. Wilson Observatory made the necessary observations to learn the temperature of Sirius B , which is 8,000 degrees - half as much again as our sun. it began to be realized that Sirius B was an intensely hot star which radiated three to four times more light and heat per square foot than our sun. It then became possible to calculate the size of Sirius B, which is only three time the radius of earth, yet its mass was just a little less than our sun. A theory of white dwarfs then developed to account for Sirius B, and other white dwarfs were later discovered. This star according to Dogon mythology is composed of sagala, a form of metal unknown on Earth (the root of Sagala meaning both "Strong" and "Heat"). Sagala could be an equivalent to the degenerate and superdense matter of white dwarf stars.
According to Dogon legend the "Nommo" (Amphibian extraterrestrial beings) descended to the Earth to implant knowledge to Gogo (the Fox), Ogo also means impure and is symbolized by mankind. The fox rebelled at its inception, impatient to couple with its double and broke away from Amma, who is the Dogon head of the universe (God, etc.) and thus Ogo remained unfinished.
For the Dogon an infinite number of stars and spiraling worlds exist. The satellites are called "Tolo Gonoze" - "Stars that make the circle". The heavenly motions are likened to the circulation of the blood. The planets, satellites and companions are "Circulating blood". This brings us to the extraordinary point that the Dogon know about the circulation of the blood in the body derived from their own traditions. In our own culture, the Englishman William Harvey (1578-1657) discovered the circulation of the blood, here follows the Dogon theory on its circulations; "The movement of the blood in the body which circulates inside the organs in the belly, on the one hand "clear' blood, and on the other the oil, keeps them both united (the words in man): that is the progress of the word. The blood-water(-or- clear) goes through the heart, the lungs, the liver and the spleen; the oily blood goes through the pancreas, kidneys, the intestines and the genitals." The Dogon mythology is extremely complicated and detailed, their knowledge of the Sirius system and other cosmological data are implemented into their beliefs which are an integral part of their daily life.
Novas: In a binary star system, there are two stars, usually with unequal masses. The larger star will evolve faster. It will become a Red Giant then a White Dwarf . Then we have a binary system with a normal star and a white dwarf. Later the normal star will evolve into a Red Giant. It's outer layers will swell and expand.
The gravity of the white dwarf pulls some material away from the Red Giant. The material swirls around the white dwarf in an accretion disk. Material spirals in and lands on the white dwarf. The falling material gains a lot of energy. The white dwarf (which likely is made mostly of carbon) becomes covered with a layer of extremely hot hydrogen. The white dwarf is not hot or dense enough for carbon fusion. But even on the surface, conditions can be sufficient for hydrogen fusion.
The hydrogen that has accumulated on the surface ignites in a burst of nuclear fusion. This explosive flash is called a nova. This burst can cause the stars to appear 50,000 times brighter. About 100 novas occur in our galaxy every year.
The same white dwarf may go nova many times. Although the explosive nova event may blow material into space, overall the white dwarf is gaining mass from its companion. But there is a limit to the amount of mass a white dwarf can have (the Chandrasekhar Limit, 1.4 solar masses).
Temple claimed that the Dogon possessed knowledge on Sirius B and Sirius C, companion stars to Sirius that are, however, invisible to the naked eye. How did the Dogon know about their existence? Temple referred to legends of a mythical creature Oannes, who might have been an extraterrestrial being descending on Earth from the stars, to bring wisdom to our forefathers. In 1998, Temple republished the book with the subtitle "new scientific evidence of alien contact 5,000 years ago".
The book's glory came crashing down earlier this summer, when Lynn Picknett and Clive Prince published "The Stargate Conspiracy". That book stated that Temple had been highly influenced in his thinking by his mentor, Arthur M. Young. Young was a fervent believer in "the Council of Nine", a group of channelled entities that claim they are the nine creator gods of ancient Egypt. "The Nine" are part of the UFO and New Age and many claim to be in contact with them. "The Nine" also claim to be extraterrestrial beings, from the star Sirius. In 1952, Young was one of the nine people present during the "first contact" with the Council, where contact was initiated by Andrija Puharich, the man who brought the Israeli spoonbender and presumed psychic Uri Geller to America. It was Young who gave Temple in 1965 a French article on the secret star lore of the Dogon, an article written by Griaule and Dieterlen. In 1966, Temple, at the impressionable age of 21, became Secretary of Young's Foundation for the Study of Consciousness. In 1967, Temple began work on what would eventually become "The Sirius Mystery". As Picknett and Prince have been able to show, Temple's arguments are often based on erroneous readings of encyclopaedic entries and misrepresentations of ancient Egyptian mythology. They conclude that Temple very much wanted to please his mentor. It is, however, a fact that the end result is indeed a book that would have pleased Young and his beliefs in extraterrestrial beings from Sirius very much, whether or not this was the intention of Temple.
History and Mythology
Orion had two dogs; Canis Major the Greater Dog and Canis Minor, the Lesser Dog. The Greater Dog, with the bright star Sirius, is located below Orion's feet whereas the Lesser Dog, with its bright star Procyon, stands behind Orion's shoulder. These two constellations contain two of the brightest stars visible to us - Sirius and Procyon. Both the Big Dog and Little Dog are said to have been the pets of a variety of gods and goddesses. Among the various owners named are Diana, Helen, Ulixes, Europa, Icarus, and others. Usually, however, the two dogs are regarded as the faithful hunting dogs of the giant Orion.
This is reflected in an Arabic title for the constellation, Al Kalb al Jabbar, or "the Dog of the Giant". The Greater Dog is described as alert, ready to spring into action, his eyes fixed on his master, Orion, the Hunter, but with an eye out for Lepus, the Hare, who sits crouching the Hunter's feet, others describe the dog as standing on hind feet, watching or springing after the Hare. The Lesser Dog has one bright star, Procyon, which means, "The Dog Rises before Sirius" (Procyon rises an hour before Sirius). Sirius (magnitude of -1.5), the brightest star seen in the night sky, forms the nose of Canis Major. A triangle of somewhat less bright stars forms the hindquarters of the dog.
In ancient writings, there are many allusions to the Dog and it is uncertain whether the constellation or its Lucida (principal star, Sirius) is referred to. The Greeks seem not to have seen a constellation here but were concerned only with the star Sirius, the Dog's nose, or mouth, which is the brightest star in the sky. Not until some time later did the Romans associate other nearby stars with Sirius and Procyon and picture the two as parts of dog figures.